The battered Social Democrats seek salvation in their new party leadership and clear left-wing demands. We took a closer look at the advances.From
Stefan Lange and Christian Grimm
The strong expansion of the welfare state should be for the SPD threatening descent to the small party. The congress has decided on a comprehensive program. CDU and Christian Social Union reacted irritably to the long list of demands. Nevertheless, it is not excluded that the three parties agree on some points. Still before Christmas should there be first talks.
The SPD wants to increase the minimum wage from currently 9,19 euros to 12 euros gross per hour. The new party leader Saskia Esken has loudly proclaimed the number in her speech at the weekend, in the fine print of the decision, but then finds the passage that it should go towards 12 euros. However, a hefty increase is being counteracted by the minimum wage commission made up of representatives of industry and trade unions, which is responsible for raising the lower wage limit. "We deliberately chose the procedure with employers and employees," said CSU chief Markus SOder, The Commission would have to be disempowered and the minimum wage politically determined. "The minimum wage must not become a plaything," warned CDU General Secretary Paul Ziemiak. Nevertheless, there are reasons for this, because, for example, the current minimum wage leads to low pensions and old-age poverty. It is therefore conceivable that the coalition, under grumbling of the economic wing of CDU and CSU agreed to an increase. Such an intervention would have significant side effects in the tariff structure. "It would be suspended by an extraordinary increase numerous, especially regional sector collective agreements," said the CEO of the employers' association BDA, Steffen Kampeter, our editorial. The meaning of collective agreements would be completely devalued. In Germany, 1.4 employees work at the minimum wage. However, the figure is from 2017. The Federal Statistical Office does not have any up-to-date figures.
The Social Democrats are aiming for a nationwide rental cover for five years for cities with high rents. As a result, rents are almost frozen and should not increase more than inflation in this period. Model is Berlin, where a red-red-green Senate ruled and tried with the instrument to stop the madness in the housing market. However, the bill he tabled was recently torn up in an assessment by the Federal Ministry of the Interior. The planned Mietendeckel violated the rights of the owners excessively and incidentally, a federal state does not have the legal competence to regulate the facts. Whether state-mandated upper limits for rents may come, courts will decide. Complaints against the Berlin attack are announced. However, if the Senate is right, the SPD will never be able to implement the rental cover with the Union.
- New debt for investment
Debt for investments The SPD demand for an end to the black zero and the extensive debt prohibition from the Basic Law provides Markus SOder for a quick pulse. "Giving up the debt brake is the beginning of a dramatic public debt crisis in Europe," warned SOder. He has his own conclusion, of course. Prominent economists and even the liberal economic International Monetary Fund urge the federal government to increase investment, which should be paid through loans. However, the balanced budget is a symbol of its reliability for the CDU and CSU. There is a backdoor but there are in the sister parties with Peter Altmaier and Alexander Dobrindt influential representatives who have proposed a citizen fund. The citizens feed the fund with their money, receive a return of perhaps two percent and the state uses the funds for roads, schools, fast internet or climate protection. The shadow budget would be sold as a fight against the misery of savers in times of low interest rates. Whereby Dobrindt said in a meeting of the CSU party committee on Monday against changes in the debt brake according to participants: "The debt brake remains as it is, because of politicians like Esken and Walter Borjans and against the constant grip on the debt we have written them in our constitution. "
The worry of not being able to afford good care in old age is great. As society ages, the costs skyrocket. The SPD has decided to introduce a care allowance for families, to limit the own contribution for home or nursing service as well as to unify the social and private care fund. Federal Health Minister Jens Spahn (CDU) wants to take a close look at the system of care next year and derive a major reform from it. "We do not resort to that", it says from his house. The topic will therefore, with high probability, not be part of the renegotiation of the GroKo. It was not in the talks about "new wishes" on the table, Ziemiak summed it up.
Every fifth child grows up in poverty in Germany. All different social benefits for children are to be bundled according to the ideas of the comrades in a basic child protection. These include the child benefit, the child supplement, the children's basic insurance and the education vouchers. There should be at least 250 euros for each child. Children from poor families should receive up to 478 euros. The cost is 11 billion euros. Nevertheless, the Union has already signaled willingness to compromise. The CDU leader Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer has announced to look at and evaluate all social benefits for children. If the coalition holds, an agreement is well possible.
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