December 10, 2019 - 11:40 p. m. </span><span class="fecha_video" style="visibility:hidden">2019-12-10</span><span class="for"><b> By: </b></span><span class="signature"> Alvaro Guzman Barney </span></p><div><p class="epigraph paragraph " id="p61358365-m57-56-58">The manifestation of 21 N in Cali was historic due to its magnitude, the diversity of participants and topics in the public arena. In a special way, for the peaceful way of carrying out, even calling for non-violence. When it was dissolved, in the afternoon, criminal organizations that have always had a presence in the city did theirs and, at dusk, a phenomenon of collective paranoia developed, promoted from social networks, which ensured that mobs Vandals were taking residential units and, consequently, residents were arming to defend themselves, before a police overwhelmed by calls.
The collective panic occurred, without evidence of massive acts of violent incursion into homes. At 9:30 p.m., a bomb exploded at the Santander de Quilichao Police Station, with three dead and several wounded, police and civilians. Made these very different in a single day, which can not be confused, but that are connected, given the complex problems that Colombian society is going through. The two extremes stand out. On the one hand, the massive and peaceful presence of citizens who claim rights and, on the other, the anonymous and individualized presence of terrorism that takes lives with impunity.
In the public demonstration, the presence of new ‘agents and issues in the collective action must be highlighted. Young people and women were the protagonists of this part of the day. They claimed work and job stability, denounced patriarchal violence and domination, demanded protection of the environment, water and actions against climate change, called for the implementation of peace and transitional justice agreements. All this without identifying ‘leaders in the concentration. Rather, diverse expressions with music, dances and proclamations. In the end, a great dissatisfaction with the political and social system in which they are registered that specify and embody the current government of President Duque. It could have been another government and president. Beside these new actors of collective action were the members of traditional unions and political organizations that looked more like a group of retirees, we know that with retirements to which young people cannot aspire today.
The conflict is long, although it does not express itself continuously and has ups and downs. In part, it could be resolved with a government that listens and channels the protests into feasible and verifiable agreements. This is the scope of ‘the negotiable’ and current situation. But in the demonstration, substantive issues were expressed, which are also present in the mobilizations in other countries of Latin America and the world that imply a ‘non-negotiable’ discussion about a better future. It is not only the issue of social inequality, which is overwhelming. It is the subject of a kinder economy with nature and less barbaric. It is the issue of stable work and the possibilities of procreating children. It is that of the ethics and politics of the elect, but also of the legitimacy of the political exercise valid outside the institutional channels. Peace, but also coexistence and non-violence. Social justice with recognition and respect even in situations of inequality. These types of topics are appearing in the world and we are no exception. Its solution implies a social process with strong intervention of public opinion, collective manifestations and pedagogy. As an example, the denunciation of violent patriarchal domination is absolutely pertinent. Progressively change the form of gender relations. Basic and non-negotiable rights are involved.