CORONAVIRUS. The United States and Brazil are still the two most affected countries in the world in terms of Covid-19 cases and deaths. In Europe, the situation in Spain calls out. The results of the pandemic in figures and in map.
[Mis à jour le 27 juillet 2020 à 10h27] This Monday, the toll of the coronavirus epidemic in the world stands at more than 16 million cases and more than 654,000 deaths directly linked to Covid-19. The United States continues to dominate this tragic record and has now passed the bar of 145,000 deaths and 4.1 million infections. The daily number of cases continues to be around 60,000 on American soil, where Texas, California and Florida are currently the most affected states. The south of the American continent is also one of the regions of the planet most exposed to the coronavirus, in particular Brazil, which has a toll approaching 2.5 million cases, for more than 87,000 deaths.
In Europe, where the situation seems more under control for two months, the fear of a new wave of coronavirus is however very real. The resurgence of the number of contaminations in Spain, where coronavirus cases have tripled in two weeks, in particular in Catalonia and in the region of Aragon, has thus prompted several European countries to take precautionary measures: the United Kingdom imposed since Sunday a fortnight to travelers arriving from Spain, Norway imposes a quarantine of ten days, France, through the voice of its Prime Minister Jean Castex, “strongly recommended” to its nationals to “avoid” to go to Catalonia … For its part, the Spanish government, which is trying to save its tourist season, seeks to reassure. “Spain is a safe country,” said Arancha Gonzalez Laya, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, on Sunday. Like other European countries, we have new homes. This is not unusual. The most important thing is that Spain is making great efforts to control these outbreaks “.
|Pays||Cas name||New cases||Number of deaths||New deaths|
|United States||4 163 892||+64 582||145 982||+969|
|Brazil||2 419 091||+24 578||87 004||+555|
|in||1 437 976||+50 525||32 826||+716|
|Russia||812 485||+5 765||13 269||+77|
|South Africa||434 200||+12 204||6 655||+312|
The United States, the country most affected by the coronavirus epidemic, posted a total toll of more than 4.1 million cases of Covid 19 and 145,982 deaths on Monday. The number of new cases recorded over the last 24 hours is 64,582. Restriction measures have returned to some of the most affected regions such as California, where bars and indoor restaurants have once again closed their doors , and Florida, where there were only 18% of beds available in hospital intensive care units as of Monday. The US government has pledged to inject nearly a billion dollars to support the development of a potential vaccine, on which the biotechnology company Moderna is working, and which is entering the last phase of its clinical trial.
Brazil remains the Latin American country most affected by the pandemic. With now 87,004 deaths (555 deaths in the last 24 hours) for 2.419 million cases (+24,578), the country is ranked second in the world in terms of the number of infections. President Jair Bolsonaro has made his own contamination a means of communication, using provocation during a press conference, appearing without a mask. However, the pandemic continues to spread throughout Brazil and many experts believe that the toll, which would be largely underestimated, should increase considerably in the coming weeks. Brazil is also the first country to launch phase III testing of the Chinese Coronavac vaccine.
In China, where the Covid-19 officially appeared last December, the epidemic seemed to be under control again, after an initial stabilization of the situation in early spring, then after the appearance of new cases in mid-June, especially in Beijing, and the return of restrictive measures, but the toll has been rising in recent days. The total toll is 83,729 cases and 4,634 deaths, with 61 new contaminations (less than 10 per day last week) in the last 24 hours but no new deaths recorded. The authorities have also indicated that anyone wishing to travel to China by plane will now have to present a negative test carried out in the five days before departure.
During its latest assessment to date, Spain communicated, on Friday, 2,255 new cases of contamination in 24 hours, bringing the total to 272,421 cases and 28,432 deaths in total (+3 deaths in the last 24 hours). Concern over the emergence of a second wave is mounting in the country, especially in view of the situation in Catalonia. A reconfinement of the population has been decided in the county of Lerida. More than 200,000 people have to stay at home since last Monday. It is also accompanied by an enlargement of the area since the municipalities of Alcarras, Aitona, la Granja d’Escarp, Massalcoreig, Raimat, Soses, Seròs Sucs and Torres de Segre are now also prohibited. This is the first time since the end of general confinement on June 21 that such a decision has been taken. In Barcelona, the 4 million inhabitants of the agglomeration have been called to “stay at home as soon as it is not essential for them to go out” by the Catalan government, which has also decided to close cinemas, theaters, nightclubs and to ban meetings of more than ten people and visits to retirement homes. France plans to close the borders with its Spanish neighbor again.
In Italy, the latest report published on Sunday by the authorities shows 255 additional cases, bringing the toll to 246,118 cases since the appearance of the virus in the country for 5 more deaths (35,107 deaths in total). Vigilance is still required, especially since the discovery, at the end of June, of several epidemic centers, in particular in Rome, the capital of the country. The authorities are reluctant to extend the state of emergency in force until the end of July. “Reasonably, the conditions exist to extend the state of emergency due to the coronavirus after the date of July 31,” the head of government Giuseppe Conte recently said during a visit to Venice.
The United Kingdom had 745 new cases of Covid-19 this Sunday, bringing the total to 299,426 cases, for 61 additional deaths (45,752 in total). According to the National Statistics Office (ONS), the number of deaths attributed to the new coronavirus is nevertheless higher than that announced by the Ministry of Health, and the overall toll would actually be more than 50,000 victims of Covid-19, taking into account the actual number of people who died in retirement homes. The United Kingdom is also continuing its gradual deconfinement. All stores were authorized to reopen on June 15, with the implementation of precautionary measures (limiting the number of customers inside, markings on the ground to promote physical distancing, etc.). Wearing a mask is also compulsory in transport. The reopening of bars and restaurants took place on July 4.
In Germany, 281 additional cases of Covid-19 were reported this Sunday, according to the latest figures transmitted by the Robert Koch Institute (RKI) for infectious diseases, responsible for monitoring the epidemic in the country. In total, Germany has recorded 206,635 cases of coronavirus since the start of the epidemic. No additional deaths were reported, with the total death toll standing at 9,289 deaths. The authorities are worried about the possible arrival of a second wave in a country hitherto relatively spared compared to its neighbors. A draft agreement between the government and the regions, the Lander, thus mentions the possibility of further restricting travel in a limited geographical area in the event of outbreaks of epidemic outbreaks. The German army could also be mobilized, in particular to carry out test campaigns.
In Portugal, 209 new cases and 1 death were recorded in the last 24 hours, bringing the totals to 50,164 cases and 1,711 deaths. In Lisbon, some parts of the capital are still subject to containment measures for residents. Locals can only leave their homes to buy food or medicine. Gatherings of more than five people are prohibited. The capital region contains 80% of the outbreaks of contagion discovered in Portugal.
Since July 1, Portugal has been divided into three zones. In the one where the rules are the least strict, the wearing of a mask remains compulsory in transport and closed places but gatherings are allowed up to 20 people. In the second zone, which concerns Lisbon and its surroundings, we speak of a state of “contingency”. Groups are limited to 10 people and shops close from 8 p.m. Finally, in the third zone, which concerns the most affected districts of Lisbon, confinement is in force and groups limited to a maximum of 5 people.
Belgium has recorded an increase in hospitalizations for Covid-19 cases in recent days. 299 new cases were reported on Sunday, bringing the total of 66,026 contaminations. Four additional deaths have been recorded in the last 24 hours, for a total of 9,821 deaths since the start of the pandemic. The authorities announced last week an 89% increase in contamination between July 12 and 18 and reiterated the need to “act quickly” to avoid further restrictions. More worryingly, last Friday, the Interfederal Coronavirus Crisis Center indicated that a 3-year-old child was among those recently deceased of Covid-19 on Belgian territory. “We must hope that this sad news serves as a wake-up call for us,” said Boudewijn Catry, infectious disease specialist. The virus is still there and our attention cannot be lowered. ”
Belgium began phase 4 of its deconfinement on July 1, confirming the widening of the “contact bubble” from 10 to 15 people authorized to see per individual and per week. Swimming pools, theaters and cinema are authorized to reopen, but with reservation and slot systems determined to limit crowds. Receptions can be resumed in party rooms but by limiting the number of guests to 50 people. Wearing a mask in public spaces remains recommended but not compulsory. It is now the summer holidays and the displacement of the population on the coasts that will be closely scrutinized by the authorities.