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China greenlights first homegrown COVID-19 vaccine


#Chinese health regulators said #Thursday that they have given conditional approval to a coronavirus vaccine developed by state-owned #Sinopharm.

The two-dose vaccine is the first approved for general use in #China. The go-ahead comes as the country has begun to vaccinate 50 million people before the #Lunar #New #Year holiday in #February.

#Conditional approval means that research is still ongoing, the company will be required to submit follow-up data as well as reports of any adverse effects after the vaccine is sold on the market, #Chen #Shifei, the deputy commissioner of the #National #Medical #Products #Administration, told a news conference.

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The company “must continuously update the vaccine’s instructions, labels and report to the agency,” #Shifei said.

The vaccine was developed by the #Beijing #Institute of #Biological #Products, a subsidiary of state-owned conglomerate #Sinopharm. The company announced #Wednesday that preliminary data from last-stage trials had shown it to be 79.3% effective.

#It is an inactive vaccine, which means the virus was grown in a lab and then killed. The germ is then injected into the body to generate an immune response.

#Final proof of its effectiveness will depend on publication of more data.

#Sinopharm is one of at least five #Chinese developers that are in a global race to create vaccines for the disease that has killed more than 1.8 million people.

#In addition to the emergency vaccinations already underway, #China plans to start vaccinating high-risk population, such as seniors as well as people with existing chronic illnesses. #Officials did not say what percentage of the population they will vaccinate in #China.

“This is different in every country but the general thinking is that it has to reach 60% to protect the entire population,” said #Zeng #Yixin, vice minister of the #National #Health #Commission.

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#Under emergency use, 4.5 million doses have already been given, including 3 million in the past two weeks, #Zeng said.

#Practically, the conditional approval means that the drug or product in question may be restricted for certain age groups, according to #Tao #Lina, a former government immunologist.

#Officials declined to name a particular price and gave conflicting statements about it. “It will certainly be in the limit of what people can afford,” said #Zheng #Zhongwei, another #National #Health #Commission official.

A minute later, #Zeng, the NHC official, stepped in to say that the vaccines “will definitely be free for the public.”

The vaccine is already under mass production, though officials did not answer questions about current production capacity.

#Approval of #China’s vaccine could also mean hope for countries around the world who may not have access to the #Pfizer or #Moderna shots, which have stricter cold chain requirements. #Sinopharm’s vaccine is able to be stored at 2 to 8 degrees #Celsius (36 to 46 degrees #Fahrenheit), or a normal refrigeration temperature.

A vial of the Pfizer/BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine is seen ahead of being administered.
A vial of the #Pfizer/BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine is seen ahead of being administered.
#Liam #McBurney/Pool via #Reuters
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#Sinopharm’s vaccine has already been approved in the #United #Arab #Emirates and #Bahrain, and is slated for use next in #Morroco.

#Other countries have also been buying doses of another #Chinese vaccine candidate, made by #Sinovac #Biotech. #Turkey received the shipments this week of 3 million doses. #Indonesia and #Brazil have all purchased #Sinovac’s vaccines.

#China is eager to distribute its vaccines globally, driven by a desire to repair the damage to its image by the pandemic that started a year ago in the central city of #Wuhan.

#President #Xi #Jinping has vowed to donate the vaccine as a public good to the world and #China has joined COVAX, a global plan for equal distribution and access.

“We eagerly await #Chinese vaccines to be included in COVAX’s vaccine bank soon and get WHO prequalification soon as well,” said #Shen #Bo, a #Foreign #Ministry official.

The vaccine standards were developed in “close cooperation” with the WHO, officials said.

#Meeting the WHO qualification could go some way toward assuring the rest of the world about the quality and efficacy of #Chinese vaccines, which already face a reputation problem back home. #It would also open the path for #Chinese vaccines to be distributed in COVAX and potentially in countries that don’t have their own regulatory agencies.

“This is very exciting that there is another vaccine and one that can be distributed in locations that don’t have the cold chain,” said #Ashley #St. #John, an immunologist at the #Duke-NUS #Medical #School in #Singapore. “But at the same time we have to temper the excitement. #We have to understand the long term efficacy, effect on transmission and effect on severe disease.”



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https://nypost.com/2020/12/31/china-greenlights-first-homegrown-covid-19-vaccine/

##China #greenlights #homegrown #COVID19 #vaccine

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