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Fewer Americans want to get COVID-19 vaccines, study finds


#Health experts agree that the best way to end the COVID-19 pandemic is to vaccinate our way out of it. #Unfortunately, #Americans’ willingness to get a COVID-19 vaccine is waning, even as a punishing third wave claims well over 1,000 U.S. lives each day.

The latest evidence for this appears this week in the #Journal of the #American #Medical #Assn., and it shows that skepticism toward the vaccines is on the rise among #Americans of all stripes.

#Regardless of age, race or sex, U.S. adults were significantly less likely to say they’d get vaccinated in late #November and early #December than they were in early #April. #And though interest in COVID-19 vaccines has waned across the board, some groups of #Americans are even less willing to be vaccinated than others.

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#Overall, 74.1% of U.S. adults surveyed between #April 1 and #April 14 said they were either “somewhat” or “very” likely to get a COVID-19 vaccine when it became available to them. #At the time, the country had confirmed about 550,000 coronavirus infections, and nearly 22,000 people had died as a result, according to data from the #World #Health #Organization.

#Fast-forward to the end of the year. #Between #Nov. 25 and #Dec. 8, 56.2% of U.S. adults were still planning to get vaccinated when their turn came. #This despite the fact that by the end of that survey period, more than 14.5 million #Americans had been infected and about 280,000 had died, according to the WHO.

#Women are less likely than men to accept the vaccine. #In recent weeks, only 50.6% of them said they planned to get vaccinated, down from 69.5% in #April. #Among men, interest in immunization fell from 79.1%in the spring to 62.3% eight months later.

#When asked recently, 80.6% of #Asian #Americans said they would get a COVID-19 vaccine. #It sounds like a lot, but it was even higher in #April — 90.9%.

#No other racial or ethnic group is anywhere near as interested in a COVID-19 vaccine. #Only 58.6% of white #Americans surveyed in #November and #December said they’d get one (down from 77.8% in #April), along with 52.7% of #Latinx #Americans (down from 73.1%) and a mere 37.6% of #Black #Americans (down from 50.7%).

#Enthusiasm for COVID-19 vaccines increases with age — but that, too, has diminished over time. #Americans ages 65 and up remain most keen on the vaccine, with 69.1% of those surveyed recently saying they’d get it. #That compares with 57% of people ages 50 to 64 and 50.9% of people in the 18-to-49 age group.

#Back in #April, 69.1% was the low end of the spectrum; that was the percentage of 18-to 49-year-olds who said they planned to get vaccinated. They were joined by 76.7% of people in the 50-to-64 age group and 83.8% of senior citizens.

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The study also examined differences associated with educational background. The authors found that the more time people spent in school, the more likely they were to want a vaccine.

#In #November and #December, 70.3% of those who had finished college said they planned to get vaccinated when they could (down from 85% in #April). #At the other end of the spectrum, 47.6% of those with a high school diploma or less intended to get vaccinated (down from 67% in #April).

The results come courtesy of USC’s #Understanding #America #Study, which has been asking members of a nationally representative panel about issues related to COVID-19 every two weeks since #March. #Unlike other surveys that measured #Americans’ sentiments about COVID-19 vaccines at a single point in time, this one has tracked changes in the same group of more than 8,000 people since the early days of the pandemic. (#In each two-week period, between 5,259 and 6,139 answered the questions they were asked, in either #English or #Spanish.)

#Although the U.S. #Food and #Drug #Administration hadn’t authorized any COVID-19 vaccines by the time the last survey was completed, early results from clinical trials suggested the vaccine candidates from #Pfizer and #BioNTech and from #Moderna were safe and highly effective.

#But even that good news couldn’t stem a nearly 18 percentage-point drop in #Americans’ willingness to be vaccinated, the authors of the JAMA report lamented.

“Educational campaigns to raise the public’s willingness to consider COVID-19 vaccination are needed,” concluded the team of researchers from USC, UCLA and the #Los #Angeles #County #Department of #Public #Health.

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“Low likelihood of getting a COVID-19 vaccine among #Black individuals and those with lower educational backgrounds is especially concerning because of their disproportionately higher burden from COVID-19 disease,” they added.





[ source link ]
https://www.latimes.com/science/story/2020-12-31/americans-have-become-less-willing-to-take-covid-vaccines

##Americans #COVID19 #vaccines #study #finds

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