The method of contracting by outsourcing is on the rise in Mexico, according to data from the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (Inegi) at 2019 Economic Census registered a total of 4 million 685 thousand 356 subcontracting. Which represents a total of 17.3% of employees who do not depend on a single company name.
Increasing the labor occupation by women has caused them to be the sector most affected by the hiring of third parties. At least 1.8 million workers have contracts of this type, which represents a total of 38% of outsourcing during 2019.
It highlights that the economic activities of health and social assistance are the ones that make the most use of this practice and where more women are hired to work in this sector. About two-thirds of the hired personnel sign with different social reasons, which represents a 64% of contracts in the health sector.
Another of the labor fields where the participation of women predominates through outsourcing is education, female teachers represent 48% of hiring, almost half of the teachers hired last year.
On the Economic Census list, financial and insurance services also have a high rate of outsourcing of women, just as the education sector represents a 48% total of personnel hiring. For its part, accommodation and food preparation services registered 42%.
For construction sectors and agricultural activities mark a smaller proportion of outsourcing of 16% and 12% respectively. Finally, there is the mining sector with a total of 10% of women hired.
In 2009, Mexico recorded a total of 13.6%, for 2014 obtained a total of 16.6% what it represented an average annual growth rate of 5.5, the same that he obtained for the last period from 2014 to 2019.
The states of the Mexican Republic that most resort to this modality are Nayarit with 43% of its workers, the state of Morelos registers 42% follow him Guerrero with the same percentage of outsourcing with female personnel.
Approximately, the national average for subcontracting in the rest of the states is 37%. Zacatecas is the state with the lowest percentage registered in this mechanism of work, only a quarter of its payroll of women are hired by outsourcing.
In the month of October, during a morning conference, President Andrés Manuel López Obrador spoke that outsourcing companies affect workers’ rightsTherefore, he announced that he would send a law proposal to eradicate this practice and prevent more companies from affecting their workers and public finances.
Last November 12 presented its proposal to eliminate outsourcing where includes modifications to the Federal Labor Law, Social Security Law, Infonavit benefits, Income taxes and the Value Added Tax Law, in addition to the Tax Code.
The president sent his bill to Congress. In accordance with Luisa Maria Mayor, Secretary of Labor and Social Security, if approved, this inconsistent modality of labor contracting will be prohibited and there will be a more equitable labor market.
An investigation carried out by the civil organization Mexicans Against Corruption and Impunity (MCCI) showed that in the López Obrador term The government agency that has spent the most resources to contract for this modality is the Banco del Bienestar.
Too demonstrated that in various areas of the federal government they have resorted to this practice, as in the secretariats of Wellness, that of Economy, External relationships, Marina, Sedena, as well as in the Secretary of Culture and Education.
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