The pandemic of COVID-19 has represented a very hard blow to the families’ economy, as it caused a increase in working poverty in much of the country, which also impacted the inequality gap, according to National Council for the Evaluation of Social Development Policy (Coneval).
According to this body, first quarter of the year, in which the health emergency due to the pandemic had not yet begun, at third quarter, the percentage of population in working poverty went from 35.7 to 44.5%, which represents the highest quarterly level since 2005, year in which Coneval started this record.
The working poverty refers to the percentage of the population that has an income less than the value of the basic food basket. According to the Council, this item soared during the pandemic due to the loss of jobs, as well as increases in the cost of staple foods.
In addition, the real labor income per capita had a 12.3% decrease between the first quarter and the third of 2020. Compared with the same period of 2019, a drop of 6.7% was identified, since it went from 1,794.87 pesos to 1,675.21 pesos per month, which is the lowest level since last quarter of 2017, when it stood at 1,669 pesos.
During this period there was also a increase in the National Consumer Price Index in relation to what was registered in 2019. This is due to the fact that the average annual inflation was at 3.9%, while from July to September of last year it was at 3.3. percent.
The foregoing, said the agency, could be due to increase in the prices of certain everyday goods, like the fruits and vegetables, as well as the energetic.
In this sense, 12 states were the ones who registered levels of working poverty above 45% in the third quarter of the year: Chiapas, Mexico City, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosí, Tabasco, Tlaxcala and Veracruz.
The entities where increased even more the percentage of the population that cannot acquire food basket were Quintana Roo, with 22.4%; Baja California Sur, with 13.7% and Sonora, with 13.1 percent. In counterpart, Zacatecas, Morelos, Michoacán and Oaxaca had a decrease in this aspect.
Regarding the genders, Coneval reported that the group of employed men registered an increase of two percentage points between the first and third quarters of the year, while the working poverty of employed women remained at 15.6% during the two periods. In this sense, they reported a real monthly labor income of 4,516.86 pesos, while theirs was 3,822.51 pesos.
The Council also made comparisons between the average real labor income in non-indigenous municipalities, which was from 4,252.90 pesos per month, while the employed population of indigenous municipalities observed an average income of 1,999.25 pesos a month.
The disparities in this last area can be analyzed from two aspects. One is that the average real labor income in non-indigenous municipalities is 2.2 times higher than that of those who live in indigenous areas. On the other hand, between the first and third quarters of 2020, income in indigenous communities decreased 218.24 pesos, while in the other areas the decrease was 154.67 pesos.
This November 21 and 22, President Andrés Manuel López Obrador will participate in a meeting of G20 heads of state, where he already announced that he will talk about the problems that the coronavirus pandemic has brought, in addition to how they will cope with the economic crisis it has generated around the world.
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*The article has been translated based on the content of Source link by https://www.infobae.com/america/mexico/2020/11/21/coneval-registro-el-nivel-trimestral-de-poblacion-en-pobreza-laboral-mas-alto-desde-2005/
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