Riad.- G20 leaders promised to “spare no effort” to ensure equitable access to vaccines against Covid-19, according to final declaration of the summit, in a consensual tone but with few concrete measures.
“We will spare no effort to guarantee your affordable and equitable access for all “, indicates the text, referring to vaccines, tests and treatments against the new coronavirus.
The summit of the 20 largest economies in the world was held this year by videoconference under the presidency of Saudi Arabia, a country highly criticized by the organizations of defense of human rights.
As the pandemic continues to advance on the planet, with more than 57 million infections and 1.3 million deaths, the presidents or heads of government opted for consensus in the fight virus.
“We fully support all collaborative efforts,” reads the final statement, referring to the anti-virus devices coordinated by the World Health Organization.
They also commit to “addressing the remaining global financial needs.”
Read also: EU plans to start vaccination program against Covid-19 in December
The United States announced Sunday that it hopes to begin its vaccination campaign in mid December. Private laboratories and G20 countries have been competing with announcements about the status of their future vaccines.
However, in its statement, the G20 does not mention the figure of 28 billion dollars, including 4 million, 200 million of emergency, that international organizations are demanding to fight the pandemic.
The G20 also addressed the complex issue of poor countries, which is exploding as a result of the economic crisis triggered by the pandemic.
G20 leaders say they are “committed to implementing” the so-called Debt Service Suspension Initiative (DSSI), “including its extension until June 2021,” the text states.
29 of the world’s most favored countries are using this mechanism to allow poor countries indebted to them to suspend payment of interest on their debts until June 2021.
But while the United Nations expected this deadline to be extended until the end of 2021, the G20 leaves it up to its finance ministers to “examine” this issue next year.
In this sense, the Argentine president, Alberto Fernández, whose country is negotiating with the International Monetary Fund (IMF), assured on Saturday that after its “enormous fiscal effort” Argentina is asking “the action of the world and international credit organizations.”
The great powers, which have already spent some 11 trillion dollars to save the world economy, also say they are “determined to continue using all available instruments” to support an “uneven” and “very uncertain” recovery.
The final declaration uses a more consensual tone than in the last G20 summits, marked by the conflict over climate and trade, often due to the reluctance of Donald Trump.
Regarding the environment, the major powers acknowledge that the fight against climate change “is among the most urgent challenges of our time.”
In this sense, the Brazilian president, Jair Bolsonaro, complained of criticism of his country for its environmental policy and presented a balance in figures to “repel unjustified attacks from less competitive and less sustainable nations.”
Donald Trump, who had quickly left a meeting on Saturday to go golfing, took advantage of Sunday’s speech to his counterparts to once again criticize the Paris Agreement, which according to him “was not designed to save the environment, it was designed to kill the American economy. “
And when it comes to trade, after years of confrontation between the US administration of Trump and China, but also with its European partners, the text affirms this time that “supporting the multilateral trading system is now more important than ever.”
*The article has been translated based on the content of Source link by https://www.eluniversal.com.mx/mundo/covid-19-lideres-del-g20-prometen-no-escatimar-esfuerzos-habra-vacuna-para-todos
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