Coughing or having a sore throat at this time of year was the most common thing in the world, until the Covid-19 pandemic arrived, whose complications can advance very quickly and detecting this disease in time is crucial for its timely care.
Knowing the symptoms of the disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus is essential to be able to prevent its spread and give it timely treatment.
One year after the first case of the Covid-19 coronavirus disease was officially detected in Wuhan, China, specialists worldwide have managed to collect data that allow a relatively clearer idea of what the most common signs are.
According to the federal Ministry of Health, current estimates suggest that the time that elapses between the Covid-19 infection and the appearance of symptoms varies between 1 and 12 days, with an estimated average of 5-6 days; and it is estimated that the incubation period could be up to 14 days.
Unlike the common flu, which tends to appear quickly, symptoms of the new coronavirus disease take several days to emerge.
The nose is the area of the body where Covid-19 recurrently initially lodges, because there is abundant a receptor called ACE2, which the coronavirus virus uses to seize cells.
Scientists at Johns Hopkins University have shown that the “hook” in cells, called the angiotensin-converting enzyme receptor 2 (ACE2) used by the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus to adhere to and infect cells, is up to 700 times more More frequent in the olfactory support cells that line the inside of the upper part of the nose than in the cells that line the rest of the nose and the trachea that leads to the lungs. These supporting cells are necessary for the function and development of odor-sensitive cells.
The World Health Organization has warned that the most common symptoms that have occurred in people sick with Covid-19 are:
Other “less common” symptoms that have been seen in some patients include:
- Loss of smell or taste
- Stuffy or runny nose
- Conjunctivitis (eye redness)
- Sore throat
- Muscle or joint pain
- Abdominal pain
- Different types of skin rashes
- Nausea or vomiting
- Chest tightness
- Shaking chills
- Shortness of breath when moving
- Coughing up phlegm
Some other less frequent symptoms, but that have occurred among some people infected with the coronavirus, include:
- Dizziness or confusion
- Eye discomfort
- Loss of appetite
- Dyspnea (respiratory distress at rest)
- Throat inflamation
- Palpitations, chest pain
- Acute muscle and joint pain
- Blisters on fingers
Other more rare symptoms but that have been detected in some patients, according to the WHO are:
- Loss of consciousness (sometimes associated with seizures)
- Sleep disorders
- More serious and rare neurological complications, such as stroke, brain swelling, delusional state, and neural injuries.
The WHO warns that people of any age who have a cough or fever and are breathing with difficulty, feel chest pain or tightness, or have difficulty moving or speaking will need to seek medical attention or go immediately to a hospital due to the high probability of who are infected with Covid-19.
Although this disease generally occurs in a mild form in minors, on rare occasions, it can cause a severe inflammatory response that must be addressed.
It is necessary to go to the emergency room, if a child shows any of these symptoms:
- Prolonged fever (5 or more days)
- Lethargy, irritability, or confusion
- Shortness of breath or rapid breathing
- Chest pain
- Severe abdominal pain
- Diarrhea or vomiting
People most at risk for severe symptoms from Covid-19 are:
- Pregnant women
- Children under 5 years of age
- Adults over 65 years of age
- People living with HIV
- People with cancer
- People with autoimmune diseases
- People with poorly controlled diabetes
- People with heart disease
- People with obesity
What to do if you detect some of these symptoms of Covid-19?
The Ministry of Health has warned that most people who become infected will not develop the disease and will improve on their own. But they can still transmit the coronavirus to other people, so it is necessary to stay in isolation. Most of the patients have managed to recover in a few weeks.
- Do not self-medicate.
- Do not shake hands or kiss or hug.
- Maintain physical distance from other people.
- Wash your hands frequently with soap and water, for at least 20 seconds.
- Disinfect hands with antibacterial gel.
- Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces at least once a day with alcohol, disinfectant wipes, or chlorine solution.
- Cover nose and mouth when sneezing or coughing with a tissue or the inside corner of the elbow.
- Healthy eating.
Specialists suggest monitoring oxygen levels with the help of a pulse oximeter. This device measures the level of oxygen saturation in the blood that must be greater than 92%; the drop in this health indicator is presented as a serious symptom in someone with Covid-19. A low level of oxygen in the blood could lead to a lack of it in the tissues and, ultimately, to organ failure.
Pay attention to symptoms in the first five to 10 days of illness, when oxygen levels can drop to dangerous levels.
In case of presenting symptoms compatible with Covid-19 and you have difficulty breathing or you belong to one of the risk groups; then cover your mouth and nose with a mask, scarf or handkerchief and go immediately to the doctor or the nearest clinic.
If you have any of the symptoms you can also call the following numbers: 800 0044 800 or 55 56 58 11 11, so they can give you more information about what you can do or which clinic you can go to.
How to prevent the spread of Covid-19?
Worldwide, health authorities recommend:
- Always wear a mask.
- Wash your hands continuously.
- Use disinfectant gel.
- Avoid hand contact with eyes, nose and mouth.
- Maintain physical distance of at least 1.5 meters.
- Avoid prolonged contact with other people.
- Prefer open and ventilated spaces
- When coughing and sneezing, do so by covering the nose and mouth with your arm or with a disposable tissue, which should be thrown away as soon as possible.
*The article has been translated based on the content of Source link by https://www.eleconomista.com.mx/arteseideas/Como-saber-si-tienes-Covid-19-20201120-0053.html
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