More than a third of humanity is forced to stay at home on Wednesday after India’s decision to confine its 1.3 billion inhabitants to the coronavirus. The UN estimates the number of people on Earth at 7.8 billion in 2020.
According to a report by AFP from official sources, almost 20,000 people have lost their lives due to this virus and more than 427,000 cases of infection have been diagnosed in 175 countries and territories. But a large number of countries now only test cases requiring hospitalization.
The Covid-19 pandemic “threatens all of humanity,” the secretary-general said on Wednesday.UN, Antonio Guterres. He launched a “Global Humanitarian Response Plan” until December, with a call for donations of up to $ 2 billion.
The objective of the plan “is to enable us to fight the virus in the poorest countries in the world and meet the needs of the most vulnerable, including women and children, the elderly, the disabled and the chronically ill” , said the head of the UN.
On their side, IMF and world Bank called on bilateral creditors to freeze debt payments from the poorest countries.
>> The map of the pandemic by country (updated on 24.03 at 1 a.m.):
The graph below shows that confirmed cases of coronavirus in Europe now far exceed those reported in China.
EUROPE – containment and isolationism
Nine European leaders call on Brussels to create “corona bonds”: they must provide significant funds in the face of the health crisis (read box).
In terms of containment, it is generally Italy, Spain (extended until April 11), France, Austria (extended until April 13), Belgium, Luxembourg, Greece, UK, Czech republic, Poland and Romania.
Outings are allowed to go to work, to the doctor, to essential shops or to play sports.
In Norway, suspect or positive cases without the need for hospitalization should remain at home.
Containment for the over 65s to Moscow, Azerbaijan and Turkey. In Russia, next week will be idle.
The Portugal declared a state of emergency, asking residents to stay at home.
TheEuropean Union decided on March 17 to close its external borders for 30 days, with exceptions for European nationals, long-term residents, diplomats, medical staff, researchers, cross-border workers, etc. The measure does not concern the British.
Land borders closed in Spain and Hungary. The Poland extended its border closure to April 13 on Wednesday.
The Turkey closed its borders with the Greece and the Bulgaria.
TheGermany performs border controls with several countries – including France which applies the same measures to it. It prohibits the entry of foreign seasonal workers, despite an agricultural sector lacking manpower.
The Czech republic, Cyprus, the Denmark, the Lithuania, the Romania and the Slovakia have closed their borders to foreigners. The Slovakia accepts the Poles.
The Russia closed its land borders with the Norway and the Poland.
TheAustria has closed its land border withItaly and the Swiss.
Schools are closed in Italy, Poland, Greece, Ireland, Czech republic, Romania, Ukraine, Slovakia, Slovenia, Lithuania, Norway, Denmark, Luxembourg, Austria, Bulgaria, Turkey, Germany, Belgium, France, Portugal, Swiss, Croatia, Spain, UK and Russia.
In Sweden, high schools and universities are closed.
Closure of shops
Non-essential businesses are closed in Italy, France, Greece, Andorra, Germany, Denmark, Portugal, UK, Ireland and Spain, which also closes hotels and tourist accommodation.
SPAIN – more deaths than in China
Spain recorded 738 additional coronavirus-related deaths in 24 hours, an increase of more than 27% bringing the total to 3,434 deaths and putting the country ahead of China (3,281 dead) in the number of fatal cases , the Ministry of Health announced on Wednesday. There are 47,160 confirmed cases of contamination. Containment is extended in Spain until April 11.
Italy remains the country with the highest number of deaths (6,820 on Tuesday evening). In mainland China, the virus that appeared in late December in the city of Wuhan has left 3,281 dead according to official data.
In the capital, an ice rink has been transformed into a giant morgue. The exhibition halls of the Madrid Fair have been converted into a 1,500-bed field hospital, and the army has been called on to help disinfect retirement homes where the dead are dozens.
Many Spanish hospitals are on the brink of collapse, health workers exhausted and exposed to contagion for lack of masks and suitable equipment.
>> Listen to the testimony of a nurse in the 12:30 p.m .:
Spain will therefore buy $ 432 million in sanitary equipment – masks, gloves, respirators, tests … – from China, where the disease has slowed its progression considerably.
>> Watch Elise Dherbomez in Spain: “The country’s death toll has exceeded that of China. Half of the dead are in Madrid”:
ITALY – shy hopes
In Italy, the daily report remains nightmarish: still 743 died Tuesday. But a decrease in the number of contaminations raises timid hopes among scientists, who see in them the effectiveness of the draconian containment measures taken in this country.
The country, which recorded its first death linked to the coronavirus at the end of February, has 6,820 deaths for 69,176 cases: Italy remains the most affected nation. But 8,326 people are considered cured.
>> Watch Valérie Dupont: “Au 17e day of confinement, there is a small glow at the end of the tunnel. We are talking about stabilization “:
>> Review the report of Mise au Point on the situation in Bergamo, in Lombardy:
IRAN – towards containment or quarantine
After having done everything to avoid it, the Iranian authorities seem to resign themselves to having to impose quarantine or containment measures on Wednesday to try to halt the spread of the Covid-19 epidemic.
With more than 2,000 deaths from the disease and an ever-increasing number of infections – now approaching 30,000 cases, according to official figures – Iran is one of the countries hardest hit by the pandemic, with Spain, Italy and China.
The news comes at the height of the Iranian New Year’s school holidays, when millions of people have left their province for family visits or tourist stays.
SWEDEN – the kingdom goes it alone
At a time when more and more European countries are confining their populations to stem the spread of the new coronavirus, Sweden has chosen another, more flexible path, leaving primary schools, restaurants and bars open.
Social Democratic Prime Minister Stefan Löfven addressed the population in a rare televised address, urging everyone to “take responsibility” and follow the recommendations of the government: telework and social distancing in particular.
The authorities also recommend that anyone “at risk” stay at home. Gatherings of more than 500 people are prohibited, high schools and universities are closed.
However, as with most of its European partners, the Swedish borders are now closed to travel deemed “non-essential”.
>> Watch Frédérix Faux in Stockholm “Daily life has not been turned upside down. Sweden prefers progressive measures”:
GREAT BRITAIN – Prince Charles tested positive
Prince Charles, heir to the British crown, has tested positive for the new coronavirus and has mild symptoms, his services announced on Wednesday.
The 71-year-old son of Elizabeth II “remains in good health” except for these symptoms, Clarence House said in a statement.
The British Parliament is also preparing to close its doors on Wednesday evening for almost a month, the deputies being sent home a week earlier than planned for the Easter break.
Watch Etienne Duval in London: “Boris Johnson has clearly tightened the screw since Monday. He hopes to be able to delay the peak of the epidemic”:
Wimbledon emergency meeting
Wimbledon organizers are considering “all scenarios, including postponement and cancellation,” due to the coronavirus pandemic, and will hold an “emergency meeting next week,” they said in a statement Wednesday evening.
“Upstream we interact closely with the British Tennis Federation (LTA), and with the ATP, the WTA, the International Federation (ITF) and the other Grand Slams,” says the All England Club, the tournament organizer. Londoner.
“A decision will be made,” said All Lewis Club general manager Richard Lewis.
Wimbledon is to be played in theory from June 29 to July 12, and “preparations begin at the end of April,” says the text.
RUSSIA – postponement of the referendum
Vladimir Putin recommended the Russians stay at home on Wednesday, decreed a week off and postponed the vote on his constitutional reform – originally scheduled for April 22 – in order to slow the coronavirus epidemic, without ordering the containment of the population for the time being. .
The reforms, already approved by Parliament and the Constitutional Court, soften the rules governing the number of presidential terms and would allow him to run again in 2024 and 2030.
Vladimir Putin paves the way for his continuation of the Russian presidency
Addressing the Russians in a televised speech, the head of the Kremlin also announced measures to support purchasing power and businesses in the face of the economic crisis caused by the pandemic.
FRANCE – 4 billion euro plan
France announced on Wednesday a plan of nearly four billion euros to support the cash flow of its start-ups in the face of the crisis caused by the epidemic of coronavirus which has put the economy of the country almost at a standstill.
According to the assessment of health authorities on Wednesday evening, 1331 deaths (+231) have been recorded in the hospital since the start of the Covid-19 epidemic and 2827 patients were in intensive care (+311) out of a total of 11’539 hospitalized patients.
But the number of deaths could be much higher, because those related to the coronavirus in nursing homes, that is to say, EMS in France, are not yet counted. Deaths in hospitals “represent only a small part of mortality” in the country, said the Director General of Health.
In addition, France will set up an “air bridge” with China to bring in the millions of protective masks that the country lacks.
Postponement of the trial of the January 2015 attacks
The trial at the assizes of the January 2015 attacks on Charlie Hebdo, Montrouge and the Hyper Cacher, supposed to start in early May, has been postponed due to restrictions linked to the coronavirus.
In his order for reference, the president of the assize court of the national anti-terrorist prosecutor’s office (Pnat) considers that “it is not possible (…) to bring together the court, all the parties, the witnesses and forensic experts in sufficiently satisfactory sanitary conditions even though the proceedings must continue for several weeks. ”
According to Pnat, it could be held in the fall.
UNITED STATES – massive aid plan
While the world’s largest economy has probably already entered a recession, an agreement on a gigantic stimulus package was found on Wednesday between the White House and the Senate. These measures, not yet detailed, will mobilize around $ 2,000 billion.
The text still has to be approved in the Senate on Wednesday before being adopted by the House of Representatives, controlled by the Democrats, then promulgated by the American president, Donald Trump.
This text could open the way to sending millions of households checks worth up to $ 3,000. At the same time, credits would be made available to SMEs (350 billion), 250 billion dollars would go to aid measures for the unemployed and at least 75 billion to hospitals.
The toll of the pandemic is increasing rapidly in the United States, which counted 827 dead Wednesday evening and more than 60,000 officially declared cases of Covid-19, according to Johns Hopkins University, which refers.
The majority of deaths are recorded in New York, the new epicenter of the epidemic in the country. The United States is the third country in number of recorded cases, behind China and Italy.
>> See the report of 12:45 pm in the United States, where access to healthcare is uneven
BRAZIL – “hysteria” denounced by President Bolsonaro
In Brazil, where there are 2201 cases and 46 deaths, the deficiencies of the healthcare system, poverty and unhealthiness in which a large part of the population lives threaten to worsen the epidemic in America’s largest economy. Latin.
An employee disinfects the microphone before a speech by Jair Bolsonaro. The far-right president had just met with the governors of Brazil to define strategies to fight the Covid-19 in the city of Brasilia. March 23, 2020. [Joedson Alves – Keystone/epa]
But far-right president Jair Bolsonaro compared the measures to contain and close shops and public services taken by several states and municipalities to a “scorched earth” policy. He even called the mayors and governors of the country “criminals” who decided to suspend activities to slow the spread of the coronavirus, attracting the wrath of a large part of the political class.
“We must maintain jobs and preserve the supply of families,” he said in a speech to the nation. “The risk group is that of people over 60 years old. So why close the schools?” he asked himself.
He accused the media of spreading “hysteria” in the face of the pandemic and claimed that Brazil was safe, he said, thanks to its warm climate and its predominantly young population.
The head of state is subject to numerous criticisms for managing the health crisis, which he describes as “fancy” and “small flu”.
INDIA – general containment
India, the second most populous country in the world after China, ordered in turn the containment of its 1.3 billion inhabitants from Wednesday.
“Remember that even a single step outside your home can bring serious coronavirus disease back into your home,” Prime Minister Narendra Modi, whose country has 519 cases of Covid-19, warned the nation in a speech. , including 10 dead.
With the confinement of India, 2.6 billion people are now called to cloister at home, according to an AFP count. This represents more than a third of the world’s population, estimated by the UN at 7.8 billion people in 2020.
>> The 12:45 report
CHINA – restrictions lifted in Hubei
In China, the drastic restrictions imposed for several months in Hubei province, epicenter of the pandemic, were lifted on Wednesday. No case of local contamination was detected in 24 hours in the country, but 47 cases “imported” from abroad were identified during this period, according to the national health authorities.
>> See the report at 7:30 p.m .:
>> Read also:
Drastic restrictions lifted by China in the epicenter of the pandemic
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