"A small gift from the government to the people"Iranian President Hassan Rohani announced on Sunday (November 10th) the discovery of an oil reservoir that could increase national reserves by a third " good news " for an Iran confronted with the American economic sanctions.
"We found an oil reservoir containing (reserves estimated at) 53 billion barrels"said Hassan Rohani during a speech in Yazd (center).
Such a discovery is likely to increase by a third the proven reserves of the country. These were 155.6 billion barrels at the end of 2018, according to the latest edition of "Statistical review of world energy" published by BP Group. Iran was ranked fourth behind Venezuela, Saudi Arabia and Canada. The news would likely earn him a rank.
The country under American pressure
The deposit, 2,400 km² wide and 80 meters deep, extends according to Hassan Rohani «From Bostan to Omidiyeh», two cities of Khuzestan province, in the southwest.
It is "A small gift from the government to the people of Iran"said Hassan Rohani, while the country's economy suffers economic sanctions restored against the Islamic Republic by the United States since 2018.
Iran's GDP is expected to fall by 9.5% this year, according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
"Hostility and cruel sanctions"
On a daily basis, Iranians are confronted with double-digit inflation, which is gradually declining, and a devaluation of the rial, which considerably increases the price of imports.
However, the IMF expects a stabilization of GDP next year.
Hassan Rohani took advantage of the announcement of the " good news " to ensure that the Iranian economy is already stabilizing: "Our people went through tough days last year (but) I think America no longer has hope"he said.
"Today we announce to America that we are a rich nation, and that despite your cruel hostility and sanctions, Iranian oil workers and engineers have discovered this magnificent field."added the Iranian president.
It remains to be seen how the country will benefit from this discovery.
As a result of the reinstatement of US sanctions against the Islamic Republic in the wake of the unilateral exit of the United States from the Iranian nuclear deal concluded in 2015 in Vienna, Iran has the greatest difficulty in selling its oil to the United States. foreign.
In May, Washington ended the exemptions it granted to Iran's top eight oil buyers, increasing pressure on countries such as China, India and Turkey to find crude oil suppliers other than Iran. .
Tehran has retorted US sanctions by progressively reducing its nuclear commitments.
The region under high voltage
Iran announced Thursday that it has resumed uranium enrichment activities at its underground Fordo plant, which were frozen under the 2015 agreement.
Between a US drone shot down in June by Iran, cross seizures of tankers, and attacks on foreign ships attributed to Iran but denied by Tehran, the Gulf region has been under high tension for six months.
In September, Iran, although it defended itself, was accused of being behind an attack on major oil installations in Saudi Arabia. This was claimed by the Houthi rebels of Yemen, supported by Tehran.
Corruption and speculation
Sunday, Hassan Rohani has also returned to the cases of speculators who have been enriched with the crisis in the country, judged by dozens in recent years and for some executed.
He called justice to "Explain to the public cases of multi-billion dollar corruption". " Where did the money go? "he asked.
Hassan Rohani spoke about "A $ 2.7 billion case" whose suspect was "Arrested, sentenced to death and is currently in prison"but whose money he would have diverted is still in the wild.
The president was apparently referring to businessman Babak Morteza Zanjani, convicted in 2016 of embezzling 2.7 billion dollars under former president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
"In this government, neither a rial (the Iranian currency) nor a dollar will be lost. It belongs to the past »Hassan Rohani added, seeming to throw a stone in the garden of his predecessor.
Babak Morteza Zanjani had made a fortune by helping the former government to circumvent the ban on Iranian oil sales, as part of international sanctions prior to the Vienna agreement.
Iran in recession announces giant oil discoveryOuest-France.fr