Madrid, Nov. 10 (RHC) Spain relies on Sunday the fourth general elections in four years, which give continuity to the political turmoil in that nation since democracy began.
During these years there have been two electoral repetitions due to the lack of agreement of the deputies to invest president, a motion of censure for the first time against the leader of an Executive triumphed and elections have been called for the impossibility of approving General Budgets.
All of the above sweetened by the crisis of the Spanish territorial model, with its greatest exponent in Catalonia, which led to the convening of a self-determination referendum in October 2017 and the unilateral proclamation of independence, as well as to a trial of those responsible for It has concluded two years later and a wave of protests has taken place in that region.
The irruption of the extreme right in Parliament seven months ago and, with it, the entry into the political space of their interests, such as the supposed 'problem' of immigration, the tightening of penalties for crimes, the fight against progress Feminists and even the questioning of the right to abortion and the recentralization of the State of Autonomies have monopolized much of the campaign debate, displacing issues such as the sustainability of the pension system, the quality of education, the improvement of health or labor problems
What is voted this November 10?
Citizens must vote their representatives to the Senate and the Congress of Deputies. The first was intended as a Chamber of territorial representation, although in reality its functions are very blurred. However, they acquire relevance in the current context since, among them, there is the power to enable the Government to apply article 155 of the Constitution, which involves the intervention of a regional autonomy, as happened in Catalonia in 2017 after the self-determination referendum. For this House, voters elect 208 senators from the 265 members. The rest are appointed by the regional parliaments.
In the case of the Congress of Deputies in these elections, the 350 deputies are elected who, after the constitution of the Chamber, will be responsible for electing the President of the Government among the candidates presented by the different parliamentary groups.
How is the president elected?
After a round of consultations with the spokespersons of the parliamentary groups to assess the support, the king proposes to the president of the Congress a candidate who, if accepted, will undergo an investiture session. In it, he will present his Government program and ask the deputies for their support, giving way to a debate with all the groups represented in the Hemicycle.
Finally, it will be submitted to a vote in which it has to obtain the support of the absolute majority of the seats (176). Failure to do so has a new opportunity after 48 hours, when a new vote will be taken in which the requirements are more lax, since it only needs a simple majority, that is, more yeses than not.
If on that occasion the candidate does not manage to be invested, the Congress has a period of two months, counting from the date of the first vote, to try new investitures successively. After that time, if a President of the Government has not been invested, the General Courts automatically dissolve and a new electoral call is made. (Source / RT)