According to the report, presented Wednesday to the press, wheat production costs would increase by 10 euros per tonne and alternative weeding techniques would emit an additional 226,000 tons of CO2.
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The planned schedule of glyphosate removal will be difficult to maintain in the current state of knowledge and will be expensive for farmers, says a parliamentary report asking the state to quickly identify crops that "will benefit from a derogation" of use in 2021. AFP obtained a copy of this report before its presentation to the press, Wednesday 13 November.
Parliamentary Mission to Evaluate Judge Glyphosate's Exit Plan "Unconscious to wait until December 31, 2020" to know "what cultural situations" will have to stop using the herbicide on January 1, 2021 and those who can benefit from a delay.
Asked Sunday on this report, Minister for the Ecological Transition, Elisabeth Borne, said the government "remains committed to getting out of the glyphosate I confirm that the goal is to get out of the main uses on January 1, 2021, and all uses on January 1, 2023", she said in the program "Political questions". For the minister, "this report is interesting because it points out that it is not by snapping your fingers that we decide that we stop the glyphosate".
France undertook to dispense with this controversial herbicide on 1 January 2021 in its main uses and on 1 January 2023 for all its uses.
The "joint information mission on the follow-up of the glyphosate exit strategy"led by MEPs Jean-Luc Fugit (LREM) and Jean-Baptiste Moreau (LREM), requests that INRA and agricultural technical institutes specify "by June 2020 at the latest" the situations "that will not be able to withstand glyphosate decease on January 1, 2021 without threatening the survival of the farm and its environment". The report stresses that the "transition" will have a "substantial cost".
Labor costs (12.7 million euros for overtime), fuel consumption multiplied by three or four (87 million euros), investments in new equipment and growth of expenditure in other chemicals The removal of this cheap herbicide will increase farm costs by between 50 and 150 euros per hectare, according to the report.
MPs point to several cases where the only alternative to glyphosate is to destroy weeds by hand, which they call "Deadlock" the investments in labor would then be unsustainable.
The case most "sensitive" is concerned with farms engaged in soil conservation agriculture without tillage, which absorbs more carbon from the atmosphere. But this technique requires the occasional use of a herbicide each fall to clean the plots before sowing.
The report also indicates sloping crops (vines, etc.) that are difficult to cultivate mechanically. "intermediate areas" on soils that are difficult to work and not very productive. According to the Arvalis Technical Institute, quoted in the report, "the ban on glyphosate would destabilize these farms to the point of threatening their survival".
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