The Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) led by Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez is ahead in the new election of the Spanish Parliament.
But after the census of more than 50 percent of the vote, the PSOE reached only about 29 percent – and missed the absolute majority so clearly. The fourth-largest economy in the eurozone threatens to continue the political blockade.
The conservative People's Party Partido Popular (PP) improved accordingly to the vote in late April, in which they had brought 16.7 percent of the vote. The party is now well behind the Socialists with now about 20 percent. A grand coalition of the two traditional parties PSOE and Partido Popular excluded the top candidates even before the election.
The right-wing populists of Vox rose with about 15 percent from fifth to third place. In April, Vox moved into the national parliament for the first time. The left alliance Unidas Podemos (UP) follows with just 13 percent and loses compared to April about two percent.
The main reason for the problems of government formation in Spain is the increasing fragmentation of the party landscape. In the past, a bipartisan system was in effect, with either the Socialists or the PP conservative party in power.
In the election campaign, the dispute over dealing with the Catalan independence aspirations had played a central role. In Catalonia, there were some violent protests after prison sentences were imposed against separatists.