From the COVID-19 crisis That Thailand and the world are facing intensely And it is a matter of great interest to everyone. It may ignore the dark threat that is harmful to health as well, that is, the consumption of spicy foods such as sour, sweet, salty and causing consumers to be at risk of chronic NCDs (NCDs: Non-Communicable Diseases) Such as heart disease, kidney disease, cancer, diabetes, etc.
Latest research By the network to reduce salty consumption Office of the Health Promotion Foundation (Thai Health Promotion Foundation) and the Nephrology Society of Thailand That have been published in journals Journal of Clinical Hypertension In collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) Reported that Thais consume more sodium than the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria.WHO) Recommended to almost twice the average, the highest in the South., Central region, North, Bangkok And the Northeast, respectively
Usually sodium or table salt (NaCl) It is widely used in food preservation since ancient times, such as salt pickling by sodium chloride binds with water that is necessary for the growth of microorganisms, resulting in inhibiting the growth of microorganisms. Making it possible to keep food longer Which uses industrial salt for food preservation as well as for seasoning food products Salt used in cooking is divided into 3 types: sea salt (sea salt), rock salt. (Salt from mountain salt pond), iodized salt (Iodized mineralized salt)
Excessive consumption of salt or sodium Can adversely affect the body, namely Send to the kidneys to work more due to the need for increased filtration. Resulting in increased blood pressure And associated with heart disease, such as abnormalities of the heart muscle function, including heartbeat. Consuming too much sodium can contribute to the development of osteoporosis. Because sodium accelerates the excretion of calcium But how to follow people who exercise and have lost a lot of sweat. May need more sodium This is because sodium can be lost from the body in the form of sweat.
It is now available to promote a balanced and suitable diet for consumers. Helping consumers choose food products appropriately, such as the GDA nutrition label (GDA: Guideline Daily Amount) Or the sweet and salty label on the front of the package Which represents the quantity of “Three essential nutrients for health” and their energy intake (energy, sugar, fat and sodium) are also available.Healthier Choice Logo) It is a label that shows the consumer that the product is considered to contain appropriate sugar, fat and sodium content Helps reduce the risk of chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) For foods that receive the nutrition symbol “Healthy choices” are not all healthy foods. Choose foods that are good for health and must control the amount you eat appropriately. Must not consume too much that the body needs Including regular exercise
Asst. Prof. Dr. Kitipong Atsarakun
Department of Food Technology Faculty of Science