There are no magical documents that will solve decades-long problems on the ground in Kosovo and provide an answer to the double standards of the West, according to which Albanians are allowed to have two and a half states, while Serbia renounces part of its territory, said an assistant at the Faculty of Political Sciences. Belgrade, Stefan Surlić, writes Sputnik.
He emphasized that the collective West wrongly believes that the only solution left for the solution of the Kosovo issue is to reach a final agreement by which Belgrade would formally recognize the independence of Kosovo.
– The dictates of the agreement removed the idea that dialogue can bring something good, the dictates of the EU and the USA, according to which the leaders of Belgrade and Pristina should sign something and thus end the whole story – states Surlić.
Two and a half countries for Albanians
However, Surlic notes, there are so many open issues on the ground that need to be resolved first in order to talk about any final agreement at all, and they can be divided into two groups: the first is the issue of the Serb community in Kosovo and its position and the second – why do we have double standards.
– Why Albanians were given the right to two and a half nation states. For Germans, French, Americans, it is quite legitimate for one political nation to have Albania as a state, Kosovo as a state and to have a third of Northern Macedonia, but with the right of veto, so they are essentially politically completely equal actors in that country. And for Serbia to be a country that will give up part of its territory – Surlić asks.
Commenting on the visit of European mediator Miroslav Lajcak to the region, Surlic estimates that her goal was to feel the pulse and see what are the starting points for the further dialogue process, but that Lajcak is obviously not aware that nothing epochal will happen in the next year, although he sent quite optimistic messages.
Self-determination leader Albin Kurti has not yet become prime minister, Kosovo is facing a turbulent political process of electing a president, and only then can we think about dialogue. On the other hand, our interlocutor reminds, Serbia has stated a clear position that no recognition of Kosovo’s self-proclaimed independence is possible, as well as that the implementation of the agreement is the only guarantee that the dialogue can continue.
– The key question that should be asked in the continuation of the dialogue is what is the position of Serbs in Kosmet and why what was agreed upon a long time ago is not being implemented. How can we believe that any agreement will be implemented in the future if the agreement on SSO is not implemented, nor are the laws related to the Serbian language, local self-government, and the status of Serbian cultural heritage respected – Surlić enumerates.
In what beating does Pristina trust
When asked what kind of beating Kosovo Albanians rely on to bring them a state and whether it exists at all, he explained that it is a coalition of powerful countries that have recognized Kosovo’s independence and that can condition Serbia in the EU accession process. wider international plan.
On the other hand, he adds, there is an idea in Pristina that they should not even participate in the dialogue, but only that the Americans and Europeans should put enough pressure on Serbia to recognize its independence.
– For five years now, we in Serbia have openly supported the idea of dialogue and reaching a compromise that would respect the interests of both the Serbian and Albanian people, while in Kosovo the dominant discourse is completely different: that there should be no negotiations or agreements. their independence – Surlic notes.
Kosovo for Germany – a security problem
When it comes to Germany’s position, which was repeated once again during the two-day visit of Foreign Minister Nikola Selaković to Berlin, Surlić states with regret that there is no room for Germany to change its position that Kosovo’s independence is a “finished topic”.
Illustrating how strong German support for Pristina is, our interlocutor states that according to some analyzes, from 2000 until today, Germany has invested seven times more money in absolute numbers in Kosovo than in Serbia without Kosovo.
Surlić also explains Germany’s firm position with the fear that Kosovo, if its full international legal subjectivity is not reached in the foreseeable future, will naturally move towards unification with Albania.
– German politicians have viewed Kosovo as a security problem since 2000: if Serbia does not give Kosovo independence, then there will be unification of Kosovo and Albania, then there is a possibility for more war – explains Surlic, who sees in that key and, as he says, not accidental and tactical calculated messages from Pristina – that they have a plan B and that, if they do not receive full recognition, they will plead for unification with Albania.
Hence the persistent insistence of the West on “mutual recognition”, although it is clear that Serbia, as a member of the UN, does not need any recognition.
– Kosovo is a disputed territory and 13 years since the self-declaration of independence. It was believed that this independence would be achieved despite Serbia’s opposition. However, over time, all actors, including Washington, realized that this was impossible without Serbia’s consent. That is why it is constantly insisted that Serbia must sign the paper and de jure recognize the independence of Kosovo – Surlić describes the situation.
Moreover, he adds, bearing in mind that Kosovo does not recognize five EU members and four NATO members, Serbia’s consent is also needed for Pristina’s hypothetical membership in those organizations.
The only thing left for Serbia, concludes Sputnik’s guest, is that if it wants to preserve this position, it strengthens partnerships with countries that stand firm in defending the international legal order and do not want to recognize Kosovo’s self-declaration of independence.
The article “Albanians have two and a half countries, and Serbs should give up one” appears first on Vesti online.