The US State Department accuses the Chinese government of continuing the “mass detention campaign” of Muslim minorities in Xinjiang, among other serious violations, in a report on Human Rights Practices in 2020.
The report released today by US diplomacy accuses the Chinese authorities of “arbitrarily detaining more than a million Uighurs, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz and other Muslims in extrajudicial internment camps designed to eliminate religious and ethnic identities”.
The document cites international media and human rights organizations that have denounced abuses by authorities in these camps, accusing officials of “torturing and killing detainees”.
The report also speaks of several human rights violations by the Chinese authorities, including: arbitrary killings; forced disappearances; torture; arbitrary detention; severe life-threatening prison conditions; lack of judicial independence; physical attacks against journalists, writers, lawyers, bloggers and dissidents; censoring and blocking pages on the Internet; interference with freedom of association; severe restrictions on religious freedom; and substantial restrictions on freedom of movement.
The US State Department also denounces the expulsion of asylum seekers to North Korea, “where there is a well-founded fear of persecution”; the coercive policy of limiting birth rates, using forced sterilization or abortions; and severe restrictions on workers’ rights, including prohibiting workers from organizing or joining unions.
The document highlights the official repression of freedom of expression, religion, movement, association and assembly of Tibetans in the Tibet Autonomous Region, where Uighurs and other ethnic minorities are being persecuted, concluding that the situation has worsened over the past year.
The US State Department also considers that this repression has spread to other regions, exemplifying with the case of Pastor Wang Yi, the religious leader who was accused and condemned for “inciting the subversion of state power” in a closed-door trial and without the right to legal aid.
The report released today by the State Department accuses the Chinese Communist Party of “dominating the judicial system and controlling the appointment of all judges and, in some cases, directly dictating the court’s decision”.
In the end, the report also mentions the absence of “reliable data” to understand the scale of many of these accusations, as well as the impunity with which many of the crimes are committed, in view of the passivity of the authorities.