The story of the Olympic Games is also a story of political threats. An incomplete overview.
1924, Paris: British footballers are boycotting because, from their point of view, questionable amateurs from Uruguay are participating.
1928, Amsterdam: British female athletes are boycotting the competitions because they are the first time admission Martin KraussThe advancement of women to athletics does not go far enough.
The world tennis federation ILTF withdraws from the Olympic movement. There has been no tennis at the Olympics for decades
1932, Los Angeles: In the dispute over the amateur statute, the world football association Fifa is boycotting the Olympic tournament. Before that, he held his own World Cup in Uruguay in 1930
Because runner Paavo Nurmi has been banned for violating the amateur statute, Finland is threatened with an Olympic boycott.
1936, Berlin: Spain is boycotting the Nazi games in Berlin. A boycott of the USA has been discussed for a long time and rejected at the last moment.
Volksolympiade in Barcelona: A counter-event to the Nazi games is to take place with teams from the colonies of Algeria and Morocco as well as Catalonia, Basque Country, Galicia and Palestine. The Spanish Civil War prevents this.
World Labor Athletic Carnival in New York: In 1936 a counter-Olympiad of Jewish workers’ sport takes place.
1956, Melbourne: Egypt, Iraq and Lebanon are boycotting over the Suez crisis, in which Australia showed solidarity with France.
The Netherlands, Spain and Switzerland are boycotting over the invasion of Hungary by the Soviet Union.
The People’s Republic of China is absent in protest against the recognition of Taiwan by the IOC.
1960, Rom: Taiwan was no longer allowed to compete as “China”. It attended the opening ceremony under the name Taiwan “under protest”.
1963, Ganefo in Jakarta: When Indonesia did not allow athletes from Israel and Taiwan to enter the Asian Games in 1962, it faced sanctions. President Achmed Sukarno then called the Games of the New Emerging Forces into being. They took place in Phnom Penh in 1966.
1964, Innsbruck: Canada is boycotting the award ceremony of the Winter Games ice hockey tournament in protest against the Soviet Union.
1964, Tokyo: African countries protest against South Africa’s participation. The apartheid regime is not invited.
1968, Mexico: After threats to boycott 32 nations, South Africa is explicitly excluded.
The Olympic Project for Human Rights (OPHR) is organizing a boycott of black US athletes. The required quorum is not achieved. Instead of a boycott, there are athletes’ protests.
1972, Munich: All African states plus Cuba and Haiti are threatening to boycott the participation of racist Rhodesia. Rhodesia stays away. In the funeral speech for the massacre of Israeli athletes, IOC President Avery Brundage speaks of “two wild attacks” on the Olympics: “We have lost the Rhodesia fight against naked political blackmail.”
1976, Montreal: Because New Zealand broke the sports boycott against South Africa, 30 countries, mostly from Africa, but also from Guyana, Iraq and Sri Lanka, are boycotting the games.
1980, Moscow: In protest against the Soviet Union’s invasion of Afghanistan, more than 60 countries boycotted the Games, including the USA, Germany, Japan, Kenya, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Chile, Liberia and Senegal. France does not send any athletes, only the Chef de Mission to the opening ceremony. Great Britain sends a team in spite of the opposite vote of the government, but marches under the Olympic flag.
1984, Los Angeles: Because their security is not guaranteed, the Soviet Union boycotted the games. With it, the GDR, ČSSR, Vietnam, Mongolia, Laos, Ethiopia, North Korea and Afghanistan are missing. Cuba is boycotting out of its own security concerns. Romania participates.
For other reasons, Iran, Albania and South Yemen are also boycotting.
1986, Goodwill Games in Moskau: As a counterpart to the Olympic Games, the US media entrepreneur Ted Turner (CNN) is organizing an alternative tournament. It still takes place in Seattle in 1990, in Saint Petersburg in 1994, in Hempstead / New York in 1998, in Brisbane in 2001, and as the Winter Games 2000 in Lake Placid.
1988, Seoul: Cuba and Ethiopia are boycotting due to a lack of security. Albania, Nicaragua and the Seychelles are also missing.
2004, Athens: The Iranian judoka Arash Miresmaeli is boycotting a fight against the Israeli Ehud Vaks.
2008, Peking: Despite numerous calls for boycotts by human rights groups, there is no boycott of the Olympic Games.
2014, Sochi: The Ukrainian skier Bogdana Matsotska is boycotting the competitions at the Winter Games in Russia.