Photo: NECATI WAR
PIONEERS AND NEW WORLD VIEWS …
– What you put into the lens in your review; Could you tell us about the common features of pioneers in the fields of literature, thought, philosophy, painting and sculpture?
Many of them are people who lead the society with their works, thoughts, actions and intellectual identities. They were with the righteous, not the strong.
They opposed injustice. They enlightened the society, worked lifelong to spread that enlightenment, took the floor not for their personal interests but about issues that concern the whole society; they participated in the fight by writing, talking, thinking and producing.
They defended the truth, lived to give something to society, and fearlessly fought those who stole the happiness and hopes of the people.
– You start your book by exemplifying the slow process fascism inflicted on Antonio Gramsci, who said “Telling the truth is revolutionary”. What kind of cult example is Gramsci?
Antonio Gramsci, one of the most original thinkers and activists of the 20th century, took part in the struggle against fascism in Italy in 1922, first as a journalist and then as a deputy.
Wanting to stop him from thinking, the fascist government sentenced him to twenty years in prison, even though he had immunity to parliament. But the dungeons of fascism could not stop his brain from functioning, he couldn’t get him out of his way.
Gramsci, who continued his struggle until his last breath, wrote the Prison Notebooks, which is an encyclopedia of philosophy-political thought, despite the poor prison conditions.
It became the symbol of unyielding, resistance and willpower. His writings, books, and thoughts reached from language to language, from country to country, from one geography to another.
– In what context do you draw attention to the main conclusions of the philosophers that Western Anatolia has brought to the philosophy of antiquity?
These philosophers introduced a brand new knowledge-based worldview that was unprecedented in human history. This view, which caused a fundamental change, destroyed tradition, customs and belief system, and made a great contribution to the liberation and development of humanity.
NÂZIM HIKMET, ORHAN KEMAL, RIFAT ILGAZ …
– Bir Nâzım Hikmet, Orhan Kemal, Rıfat Ilgaz are also emphasized by the trial processes and the prices they were paid, as well as their writings.
Nâzım Hikmet was accused of “incitement to military rebellion”. He was imprisoned for 12 years and 7 months. One of the main debates in the Parliament in 1950 during the discussions on the Amnesty Law was the prevention of Nâzım Hikmet from being covered by amnesty.
While Orhan Kemal was in his military service, he was reported to be making communist propaganda forty days before he received the motion. He was sentenced to 5 years in prison.
Rıfat Ilgaz, a great literary master who witnessed the history of the Republic, always wanted to be silenced, crushed and destroyed because of his poems. His life passed between hospitals and prisons.
All three of our writers participated in the struggle for freedom and equality that has been going on for centuries for human life.
“SALÂH BİRSEL, WITH ITS KNOWLEDGE, HAS UPGRADED THE READER!”
– How do you evaluate Salâh Birsel’s conclusion of “first human, then poet-human”, the healthy road map he presented to the poet, and his contributions to a whole article?
With his unique style, joy of life; Salâh Birsel, who established a throne in the hearts of his readers with his thoughtful, teaching and smiling works, was a true intellectual, a person of thought and literature.
In his works, from poetry to diary, from diary to experimentation, each of which is a cultural treasure, he addressed the human being with all its colors, and life with all its difficulties and beauty. He upset the reader with his knowledge. The reader who entered his world, came out of there as a new person.
OĞUZ ATAY’S CONSCIOUSNESS!
– What has influenced you most in Oğuz Atay’s treatment of the individual, the oppressed person in our literature, which you imply that “he changed the ordinary course of the Turkish novel”?
Oğuz Atay showed that the novel should be written in a different form. With his novels, stories and single play, he shed light on the individual’s relationship with society, his struggle in the confusion of values, his reckoning with himself, his alienation, in short, the drama of the individual who rejects the banality and therefore the system that cannot hold on to it, that is, regards it as a failure.
While criticizing the ruthlessness of the system and the conflict between society and the individual, the author, who uses the method of unconsciousness, has effectively expressed the helplessness of the intellectual who is isolated from the society and goes beyond a criticism in the sense we are used to.
INFORMATION INFORMATION; DIAGNOSED AND SWALLOWED!
– How do you remember Server Tanilli, whom I had the honor of getting to know closely?
Server Tanilli was above all an enlightenment sage. He lived his entire life devoted to enlightenment, democracy, and the sanctity of labor. He tirelessly told that the road to civilization passes through the book, and that living becomes meaningful by reading and resistance.
“Fascism is not destiny for any society. Tomorrow will be your progressive revolutionary forces. In other words, independence, that is, real democracy, that is socialism … Greet those tomorrows. ” said.
He continued his struggle for a more humane world until his death.
Finally, Prof. Your book Telling the Truth ends with Ioanna Kuçuradi. Prof. How to heed Kuçuradi’s call for Enlightenment? Let’s finish our conversation with your answer to the question.
Ioanna Kuçuradi years ago, “Give me four years, 20 years later, Turkey will be a different country,” he said, Turkey’s “humanization of education” that e needs of people with the philosophy of education that shall be given in secondary education was stressed that helping to humanise.
First of all, I expected the relevant institutions to heed this call. Then I think everyone … Yes, everyone can do something about it. Because for the future of our children; We need the enlightenment of philosophy to develop a critical approach to the problems we face and to create the world we dream of.
Telling the Truth / Orhan Tüleylioğlu / Karakarga Publishing / 144 p.